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Bookcover
Rousseau and l’Infâme.
Religion, Toleration, and Fanaticism in the Age of Enlightenment.
MOSTEFAI, Ourida and John T. SCOTT (Eds.)
Amsterdam/New York, NY, 2009, 308 pp.
Pb: 978-90-420-2505-9
€ 62 / US$ 87

Series:
Faux Titre
 326


Ecrasez l’infâme! Voltaire’s rallying cry against fanaticism resonates with new force today. Nothing suggests the complex legacy of the Enlightenment more than the struggle of superstition, prejudice, and intolerance advocated by most of the Enlightenment philosophers, regardless of their ideological differences. The aim of this book is to undertake a reconsideration of the controversies surrounding the questions of religion, toleration, and fanaticism in the eighteenth century through an examination of Rousseau’s dialogue with Voltaire. What come to light from this confrontation are two leading and at times competing world views and conceptions of the place of the engaged writer in society.

Table of Content
Acknowledgments
Editors’ Preface
Notice on citations and abbreviations
Voltaire, Rousseau, and L’infâme
Raymond TROUSSON : Tolérance et fanatisme selon Voltaire et Rousseau
The victims of fanaticism
J. Patrick LEE: The condemnation of fanaticism in Voltaire’s Sermon du rabbin Akib
Anne-Marie MERCIER-FAIVRE : Du Traité sur la tolérance de Voltaire aux Lettres écrites de la montagne de Rousseau:
Variations sur la victime du fanatisme
Ourida MOSTEFAI : Singularité et exemplarité du cas “Jean-Jacques”: théorie et expérience du fanatisme chez Rousseau
Religion against intolerance
John T. SCOTT: Pride and providence: Religion in Rousseau’s Lettre à Voltaire sur la providence
Christopher BERTRAM: Toleration and pluralism in Rousseau’s civil religion
Bruno BERNARDI : La religion civile, institution de tolérance?
Fanaticism, cruelty, and pity
Christopher KELLY: Pious cruelty: Rousseau on Voltaire’s Mahomet
Jeremiah L. ALBERG: Preventing fanaticism through transcendental violence: The second part of the “Profession de foi”
Zev TRACHTENBERG: Civic fanaticism and the dynamics of pity
Atheism and toleration
Philip STEWART: Are atheists fanatics? Variations on a theme of Locke and Bayle
John Hope MASON: At the limits of toleration: Rousseau and atheism
Rousseau and l’Infâme revisited
Jean-François PERRIN : Penser l’hégémonie: intolérance et Lumières dans Rousseau juge de Jean-Jacques
Michel SCHMOUCHKOVITCH : Portrait d’un fanatique? Jean-Jacques en Diogène
Note on contributors
Index

Ourida Mostefai is Associate Professor of French at Boston College. Author of Le Citoyen de Genève et la République des Lettres: étude de la controverse autour de la “Lettre à d’Alembert” (2003), she has edited Lectures de “La Nouvelle Héloïse” (1993) and co-edited, with John C. O’Neal, Approaches to Teaching Rousseau’s “Confessions” and “Rêveries” (2003).

John T. Scott is Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Davis. He has translated and edited Rousseau’s Essay on the Origin of Languages and Writings Related to Music, and edited Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Critical Assessments of Leading Philosophers (4 volumes, 2005). He is the author, with Robert Zaretsky, of The Rift: Rousseau, Hume and the Quarrel that Shook the Enlightenment (2009).