Differences in Common.
Gender, vulnerability and community.
Sabadell-Nieto, Joana and Marta Segarra (Eds.)
Amsterdam/New York, NY, 2014, 250 pp.
€ 48 / US$ 67
Critical Studies 37
Differences in Common engages in the ongoing debate on ‘community’ focusing on its philosophical and political aspects through a gendered perspective. It explores the subversive and enriching potential of the concept of community, as seen from the perspective of heterogeneity and distance, and not from homogeneity and fused adhesions. This theoretical reflection is, in most of the essays included here, based on the analysis of literary and filmic texts, which, due to their irreducible singularity, teach us to think without being tied, or needing to resort, to commonplaces.
Philosophers such as Arendt, Blanchot, Foucault, Agamben or Derrida have made seminal reflections on community, often inspired by contemporary historical events and sometimes questioning the term itself. More recently, thinkers like Judith Butler, Gayatri Spivak or Rada Ivekovic—included in this volume are essays by all three—have emphasized the gender bias in the debate, also problematizing the notion of community. Most of the essays gathered in Differences in Common conceive community not as the affirmation of several properties which would unite us to other similar individuals, but as the “expropriation” of ourselves (Esposito), in an intimate diaspora. Community does not fill the gap between subjects but places itself in this gap or void. This conception stresses the subject’s vulnerability, a topic which is also central to this volume. The body of community is thus opened by a “wound” (Cixous) which exposes us to the contagion of otherness.
The essays collected here reflect on different topics related to these issues, such as: gender and nation; nationalism, internationalism, transnationalism; nationalism’s naturalization of citizenship and the exclusion of women from citizenship; the violent consequences of a gendered nation on women’s bodies; gendering community; preservation of difference(s) within the community; bodily vulnerability and new politics; community and mourning; community and the politics of memory; fiction, historical truth and (fake) documentary; love, relationality and community; interpretive communities and virtual communities on the Web, among others.
Joana Sabadell-Nieto and Marta Segarra: Impossible Communities? On Gender, Vulnerability and Community
I. Gender and Trans-national Citizenship
Rada Ivekovic: The Reason(s) of Nation and Gender
Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak: Nationalism and the Imagination
Belen Martin-Lucas: The Hostage of the Womb by the Motherland
Margaret Persin: Women and Citizenship: Poetry of Power, Time and Space
II. Vulnerability and Politics
Judith Butler: Bodily Vulnerability, Coalitions, and Street Politics
Angela Lorena Fuster: More than Vulnerable: Rethinking Community
Joana Sabadell-Nieto: Passionately Losing Oneself
Rodrigo Andrés: Opaque Encounters, Impossible Vicinities
III. (Fictional) Identities and the Politics of Memory
Marta Segarra: Community and the Politics of Memory
Eloi Grasset: Fiction Traces. The Ideal Community and Historical Sabotage
Joana Masó: What does Difference Have to do with Community? Derrida’s Diacritic Difference
Helena González Fernández: Community as Transit and Stammering in Collaborative Writing
Isabel Clúa Ginés: Blood Ties: Interpretive Communities and Popular (Gendered) Genres
Joana Sabadell-Nieto is Professor of Contemporary Spanish Literature (Gender and Feminist Studies) at Hamilton College (USA) and Researcher at the Center for Women and Literature at the University of Barcelona. Marta Segarra is Professor of French and Francophone literature and Gender Studies at the University of Barcelona (Spain), Director of the UNESCO Chair Women, Development and Cultures and co-founder and director of the Center for Women and Literature (2003-2012).